The Clash of Civilizations is a theory proposing that people’s cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post cold war world. The theory was originally formulated in 1992. As Huntington suggests, “The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural”. This theory is informed by ‘cultural essentialism’. It relies on an Orientalist opposition between East and West and focuses our attention on boundaries and containers rather than complex patterns of flow.
Media capitals, though particularly difficult to confine to one definition, are rather sites of mediation, locations where complex forces and flows interact. They are neither bounded not self-contained entities (Curtin 2003).