Clash of civilizations

The Clash of Civilizations is a theory proposing that people’s cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post cold war world. The theory was originally formulated in 1992. As Huntington suggests, “The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural”. This theory is informed by ‘cultural essentialism’. It relies on an Orientalist opposition between East and West and focuses our attention on boundaries and containers rather than complex patterns of flow.

Media capitals, though particularly difficult to confine to one definition, are rather sites of mediation, locations where complex forces and flows interact. They are neither bounded not self-contained entities (Curtin 2003). Image


The features of media capitals comprise of contemporary television, new patterns of flow and flows emanating from particular states. 
Contemporary television is transcending frontiers and disrupting conventional structures of domination.
New patterns of flow are not multilateral in the conventional sense; they do not involve the exchange of programming between sovereign states. Flows emanate from particular states that have become centers for the finance, production and distribution of television programs – cities such as Bombay, Cairo and Hong Kong.  
Media capitals are places where things come together. As a consequence of this connectivity, the generation and circulation of new mass culture forms become possible (Curtin 2003). 

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