Internet Misogyny.

The recent death of TV host and national icon Charlotte Dawson sparked not only a deep reflection on depression but the increase of cyber bullying via social media websites. With more than 53, 000 followers on her twitter account, and the combined effect of anonymity and the capability to post comments on open forums, Dawson received a torrent of online abuse and even death threats. To what is referred to an ‘trolling’, the ability to post extreme comments has allowed people to ‘indulge their worst tendencies, not only towards individuals but to entire social groups’ (Stafford 2012). Harassment and abuse of women online has recently flamed a reaction from the opposing stigma. Social media is a now an extremely important platform that has helped form our social values, thus it has developed even further and has become a powerful tool in advocating the elimination of violence against women as well as to promote gender equality. It is not only on social media that inequality between sexes is occurring, but female journalists are also subject to ridicule and sexual abuse. Studies have found that globally, the number of women working in the media has steadily increased. The level of participation and influence of women in the media also has implications for media content as females in the media are more likely to reflect other women’s needs and perspectives.  Nonetheless, the presence of women on the radio, television and in print is more likely to provide positive role models for women and girls, to gain the confidence of women as sources and interviewees, and to attract a female audience.



Youth and E-democracy

Over the past few years, I have become aware of a growing number of adolescents becoming increasingly aware of political antics. Over the past week, Facebook and twitter have Succumb to a immense amount of political engagement. As a large majority of adolescents have multiple social media accounts, there is where the majority of updates have arisen. I have seen long status’s complaining about the 2014 Federal budget and then 20 plus comments on that same status arguing strongly against them, and at times even using foul language. Most youth today are motivated and strive to do well in everything they do, which means trying to understand and interpret national politics and then make a decision on which political party most suits their needs. If young people fail to engage with local, national and even international politics there would be several issues with our political establishment. Firstly, it would aid in trying to keep policy fair for future generations and secondly it may assist with certain issues. For example, equal rights is an issue that many people, mainly women, feel very strongly about. Many women at a young age are required to engage with the issue at hand and the only way they can do that is through politics. In getting the message out there, countries become wary of political matters that shape the fabric of society.

The term e-democracy is somewhat new to me, but is important when discussing the act of people engaging and informing themselves with democracy. So, a definition, like many words in politics, philosophy etc. is not so easy to define in just one way. The basic characteristic of e-democracy is incorporating 21st century information and communications democracy in order to promote democracy. E-democracy encompasses social, economic and cultural conditions that empower the practice of political self-determination. With the introduction of defining youth as ‘self-actualizing’ citizens, the majority of younger generations are becoming more focused on the quality of life issues. In using social media, youth are able to express their opinions and express what they believe politics should be.

remix’s and mash-ups

The current ‘buzz’ in the internet world heavily revolves around a prevalent ‘remix’ culture. But- what does this mean for copyright law? We live in a society where a group of teenagers will create a meaningless or trivial ‘mash up’ of a popular song and post it to YouTube without even a second thought. This impression is also evident in Lawrence Lessig’s Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy where the example is Stephanie Lenz’s 13 month old son dancing to the beat of a song and was recorded and posted to social media. This remix culture is dominated by amateur creators who no long have the inclination to be merely submissive receptors of content. These amateurs have taken on the role of producers, thus subtly demanding a much broader right. With the rise of digital technologies in the past decade, it has made it considerably easier to re-use and remix an existing product and produce something of the new creators desire and innovation. Today, there involves a challenge in remixing songs/videos in that there is such a wide array of content that is posted to the internet every day that in order to get recognition, it must stand out from the crowd. One question that arises from the concept of remix’s is to attempt to understand how  access to knowledge, culture and creativity can be provided to the public whilst staying within the boundaries of the law.